Europe prepares the arrival of the moving grids 5G
Still they are at least five years for his implantation, but the great technological companies already work in the technologies that take step to a new era of hyperconnectivity.
The future of the movable telecommunications it happens through 5G and, although its arrival is not expected until 2020, Europe is determined to lead the innovation in this technology next to great Asian giants as South Korean Samsung with that the EU signed an agreement recently or the Chinese Huawei, company that or counts on alliances of several European or telecos research centers as Vodafone or Telefónica.
For Guido Garrone, senior executive in Metroweb, one of the companies of more important telecommunications of Italy, in the next years approaches a “tsunami of data”, talking about to the increase of the traffic of data in the European Union. “In a domestic scene, the broadband that each home demands can surpass the 100 megas easily”, says Garrone.
And not only by the increase of the use of connected movable terminals in Internet, but by the coming of the calls smart cities , that will increase the traffic between machines, also call “Internet of the things”. The cities, say Garrone “occupy a 2% of the territory, lodge to a 50% of the population and produce a 70% of the GDP. But on the other hand, they are responsible for 75% of the consumed energy and a 80% of the emissions. Of there the increasing necessity of smart City ”.
Looked at the future
“We have 6 centers and 300 experts developing the future of 5G”, says Tong Wen, technological head of Wireless Investigation in Huawei, company that already has 900 employees only in Europe and that has announced an investment of 600 million dollars in investigating 5G. “It represents a challenge for an era of massive capacity, with speeds among 1 and 100 gigabits per second, and of massive connectivity, with up to 100,000 million connections”, explains Wen. These data transfer rates, unimaginable nowadays but that will be reality in some years, represent “some 1,000 times the present capacity”, says Renato Lombardi, vice-president of Línea de Productos de Microondas of the company of Shenzhen. This will require “new networks, new standards, a faster adoption of the innovation, new technologies and new products”.
Huawei inaugurated some ago days in Milan its research center in technology of microwaves for cellular systems. From the R+D of the Chinese company in this area will go here generally. Two things have drawn attention of these Asian companies to settle in Europe: an abundant qualified manpower especially around cities that they call innovation nuclei , as Cambridge, Munich or the mentioned from Lombardy city and the economic bet of the European Union in its Digital Agenda, one of whose objectives it is “to double the public investment in TIC (technologies of the information and the communication) until the 11,000 million Euros in 2020”. One of these technological landmarks will be 5G, but he will not be the unique one. Xipeng Xiao, director of Marketing of Networks of Huawei in western Europe, comments that with Telefónica they have several projects, as the virtualization of the unification, datacenters of sectors IT (information) and CT (communication) or reduction of a 25% in the TCO or Total Coste of Property. That is to say, one of the financial impacts that can have the implementation of a new technological product.
Another one of the challenges will be to increase the speed of the Internet in rural areas of Europe, where still she is quite low (rarely it surpasses the 6 megas) in comparison with the cities. In addition, he is another one of the requirements of the European Digital Agenda for 2020.
Xiao explains that one of the lines of investigation in which they work is the one of to router that allows a connected access. “This device can increase the data rate tying the fixed connection with a wireless one to improve the general speed of the service of ADSL, which would help to unfold accesses of high speed in rural areas”.
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